Professor Dr. U Christopherson Ah Maung of orthopaedicshead

Professor Dr. U Christopherson Ah Maung

M.B,B.S, M.Med.Sc, Dr.Med.Sc (ortho),

Professor and Head

Brief HIstory Of Department

Until 1990, Department of Orthopaedics did not exist. But since 1970 orthopaedic and trauma patients were treated under the care of one orthopaedic surgeon posted to North Okkalapa General Hospital. The teaching of this subject has been carried out for the 3rd year and final year students of MBBS course at the Orthopaedic and Trauma wards of the above General Hospital to which the present department is attached.

The Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology was established only in August, 1990. Professor Myo Myint had developed the department to gain recognition both locally and internationally during the last few years.

Now, the department is responsible for treating the patients admitted to the North Okkalapa General Hospital and teaching of the medical students of University of Medicine II both undergraduate and postgraduate, the later comprising Diploma, Master and Doctorate courses.


Former Head Of Department

Photo Name Degree Year
Professor Myo Myint
 M.B.,B.S (Ygn), F.R.C.S (Edin)Mch (Orth (Liverpool)Dr.Med.Sc (Ortho) (Hon) 1990 to 1997
Professor Dr. Thein Myint Tun
M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc (Ortho), FACS,F.I.C.S, Dr.Med.Sc (Ortho) (Hon) 1997 to 2004
Professor Dr. Khin Maung Han
 M.B.B.,S, M.Med.Sc (Ortho), F.I.C.S, Dr.Med.Sc (Ortho) 2004 to 2008

Professor Dr. Myint Thaung

M.B.B.,S, M.Med.Sc (Ortho), F.I.C.S, Dr.Med.Sc (Ortho) 2008 to 2014

Aim and Objectives

Undergraduate Courses

Third MBBS

Aims and Objectives

At the end of the course, the learner should attain the following.

  • To demonstrate the acquisition of knowledge and skill of communication with the patients, history taking and elicitation of basic physical signs.
  • Documenting information in history taking and physical examination.

Teaching hours              72 hours.

Teaching Method –  Small group be-side teaching, Demonstration, Lectures

Core Curriculum

Teaching Topics

  1. Communication with Orthopaedic patient
  2. History and Physical examination of Orthopaedic patient
  3. History and Physical examination of shoulder
  4. History and Physical examination of elbow and wrist
  5. History and Physical examination of peripheral nerve injuries
  6. History and Physical examination of spine
  7. History and Physical examination of hip
  8. History and Physical examination of knee
  9. History and Physical examination of ankle and foot

Final Part I MBBS


Aims and Objectives

At the end of the course, learner should attain the following

  1. Thorough knowledge of the surgical anatomy, physiology and pathology
  2. Clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of common diseases in orthopaedics and traumatology

Teaching hour                11 hours


Teaching Topics

  1. General principles of fractures and its management
  2. Management of open fractures and wound debridement
  3. Colle’s fracture, Supracondylar fracture, fracture clavicle
  4. Fracture of femur
  5. Spinal injury
  6. Acute and chronic osteomyelitis
  7. Septic arthritis
  8. Tuberculosis of bone and joint
  9. Tuberculosis of hip and spine
  10. Shoulder dislocation
  11. Classification of bone tumour, Osteosarcoma, Osteoclastoma
  12. Low back Pain


Teaching Methods

  • Bed side small group teaching
  • Demonstration
  • Lectures

Final part II MBBS

Teaching hour           144 hours


Teaching topics

  1. Principles of Fracture management
  2. Management of open fracture
  3. Fracture neck of Femur
  4. Colle’s fracture
  5. Supracondylar Fracture of Humerus
  6. Acute Dislocation of shoulder joint
  7. Fracture Clavicle
  8. Spinal injury



  • Infection of the bone and joint
  1. Acute osteomyelitis
  2. Acute septic arthritis
  3. Chronic osteomyelitis


  • Tuberculosis of the bone and joint
  1. TB spine
  2. TB hip joint


  • Bone tumour
  1. Osteosarcoma
  2. Osteoclastoma


  • Basic Surgical Skill training
  1. Amputation
  2. Reduction technique for closed fractures
  3. Principles of traction and traction method Skin traction, Skeletal traction


Teaching Methods

Bed side small group teaching, Demonstration, Lectures

Group Photo of Full Time Staff

Postgraduate Courses


Master of Medical Science (Orthopaedics)

The course lasts for 3 years. The training is competency based and delivered through structured or organized training programme (module based system). The nature of training is basically training cum service and is supervised by competent trainers.

It will reflect promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative aspects of the common orthopaedic problems in Myanmar. It will include both cognitive and performance skills, correlation of knowledge and application of basic science principles. Emphasis will be placed on knowledge and skills in clinical medicine which will include the knowledge of current concepts, trends and changing trends in both diagnostic and therapeutic aspects. The candidate’s thinking power with ability to appraise, discriminate and evaluate, as well as to draw logical conclusions from available information and data will be promoted and aimed for. The candidate must also be skilled in the commonly used diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.

However, in view of the widening role of the health care provider, in response to the changing and increasing health needs of the community in general, the trainee will also be made familiar with relevent aspects of management science, hospital economics, auditing and communication skills.

The nature of the training is of an exit type where the graduate is considered to have achieved relevant competencies, clinical thinking process and appropirate attitudes to be eligible for the post of a registered orthopaedic surgeon.

It is also expected that, having been exposed to common orthopaedic specialities during the training period, he has developed potiential for specilization with appropriate further training if and when required.

The curriculum consists of Basic science, the principles and practices of surgery and covers almost every aspect of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. At the end of first year, Year-1 summative assessment is held. At the end of the third year, the final examination is held comprising of 2 theory papers of 3 hours duration. The clinical assessment is an OSCE format. OSCEs comprise a series of stations in a circuit around which the candidates rotate. There are 15 stations and 3 preparation stations (10 minutes each).The stations include history taking, five focus examination, critical care, X ray description, surgical talk,talking with relative, surgical technique, basic orthopaedic instruments, communication with colleague, orthopaedic pathology and data interpretation.

Doctor of Medical Science (Orthopaedics)

A higher specialist training programme was opened on 9.9.98 for Doctrate in Medical science Orthopaedics, which will last of 3 years minimum and may extend up to 5 years

Objectives of the training programme are

  • To provide higher postgraduate training of an advanced level in orthopaedic surgery
  • To provide highly qualified clinicians in accordance with National Health Policy and National Health Plan
  • To upgrade the level of clinical competency to keep abreast with international level


Student assessment and evaluation

Under-graduate – There is no separate assessment

MMedSc – assessed by formative assessment

For DrMedSc – Assessment of Clinical Competency is done by

  1. Formative assessment which consists of
  1. Problem Solving Skill
  2. Log Book
  3. Data interpretation skill
  4. Clinical Management Skill
  5. Surgical Skill (assessment to be done in the operation theatre)
  1. A thesis is to be submitted before conferring the DrMedSc degree.

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